Counter-culture is a group in which the values and norms of behavior run counter to those of mainstream society. A counter-cultural movement expresses the ethos or a specific population during a defined era. Counter-cultures trigger dramatic cultural changes. Some era times could be a point in time such as the wars, revolutions, and historical periods.
The beatitudes are counter-cultural because they flow against the stream of our everyday life. For example: Jesus says, “Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” Being poor in spirit is an invitation to become more reflective and not so reactionary. It is learning to live with wonder not facts.
Being a Christian means that you are changed on the inside. It does not mean that you are controlled from the outside. It means that your heart has been changed inside by the presence of God. It does not required to go to church, to pay tithes, to be good,or to do anything in order to stay a Christian. It means you desire to do those things because you’ve been changed. Having God or Jesus in your life makes a positive change in your life. In the Old Testament times, God had given the Law which had to be followed precisely. There were strict instructions about clothes, food, what you could or could not do on the Sabbath, what you would have to do in the temple, how priests were to carry out their functions, how strangers were to be treated, and how people were to be punished, etc.