A simile is conparing two words using like or as. Lessing used multiple examples of similes such as “with the arms and legs and fingers waiting like soldiers waiting for a command” and “Alert as an animal” When a simile is used, it helps desbribe what the person or object is like. Lessing described the arms and legs waiting for a command from the boy like soldiers waitimg for a command from a general.
A personification is giving a non human thing, human characteristics. An example of a personification in the story are “It looked so small, crouching there under a tall and brilliant sky” A personification is helpful to try and imagine something unfamiliar. The sky cannot actually be tall, it is just called that to help visualize the sky.
A paradox is a statement that seems to contradict itself but still makes sone sense. “Remaining vigilant all night and counting the hours” is a good use of a paradox. It would be nearly impossible to remain alert while sleeping but yet it can make sense to be ready to get up and be prepared. Paradoxes can be used to help the reader to think more deeply about the story.
A metaphor is conparing two things without using like or as. Metaphors are used to compare things and almost saying one thing is the other. The best example of a metaphor was when Lessing said “He was a boy again.” This is a good metaphor because he cannot just magically become younger agian therefore it is comparing the older boy’s actions to what he did when he was younger. A metaphor is another way to help describe an object.
A synecdoche is using part of something describe something bigger or smaller. Lessing uses the phrase “the dangerous window.” The window itself is not dangerous, but when the parents who are in the house look through the window, that is when it becomes danderous. Lessing is using the window to descibe the house and the parents. Synecdoches are used to describe something in greater detail by saying less.