The Central Logic of Christianity

The video The Central Logic of Christianity by Bishop Barron focus on the Book of Leviticus, participation of God and love. Bishop Barron is currently serving as an auxiliary bishop. Bishop Barron is the founder of the Catholic ministerial organization World on Fire. He was also the host of the TV series Catholicism, which was an award-winning documentary about the Catholic faith.  When we love we participate in the holiness of God. Some ways to participate in the holiness of God include prayer, the liturgy and sacraments. Testing the integrity of your love, you won’t be able to test it on everyone but you can choose one person. Is there one person in your life you can test the integrity of your love towards? To have God’s love, the divine love of God, we must love the same way as him. To love like God you must love precisely those who won’t love you back. This also applies for praying; pray for someone who won’t pray for you back.

Photo of Bishop Barron

The Sermon on the Mount is Jesus’ longest speech and teaching in the New Testament. The central logic of Christianity was when he laid out the beatitudes. This related to the Central Logic of Christianity in conjunction with ways to love. It mentions when someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn the other also.This is teaching us to love everyone and not to fight back. In Matthew 5 it mentions “eye for eye, tooth for tooth, offer no resistance to one who is evil.” This scripture also refers us to love everyone. God is compared to rain in both the reading and in Sermon on the Mount. God is compared to rain because all good and bad plants all receive the same rain, as well as all just and unjust people get God’s love.

A way to turn towards God is with you mind, passion and friendships. They are also a place for dwelling. We are all honest, and because of free will we are all sinners. I agree with the statement that we should love precisely those who aren’t going to return the favour. To love is to break out of the black hole of self regard and egoism.

 

Who Is Jesus, Peter Kreeft

The reading ‘Who is Jesus’ by Peter Kreeft is allowing you to be honest with yourself to ask the question Who is Jesus? To ask this question it takes honesty, you have to be honest with yourself. This is a puzzle or a challenge, the argument is like an arrow pointing at Jesus and asking who is he.

Many ask the question does Jesus exist? The real question is who is Jesus? Is Jesus 100% man in heaven? The answer to this is yes, God is 100% human and 100% God. Many question we have are unanswered but we do know that Jesus is God, Jesus is alive and his body is also still alive.  Other names for Jesus would include good man, wise man, or even a great moral leader. Even with all these titles why are non believers so afraid to believe in Jesus? Christians on the other hand follow the prayer of the free also known as the prayer of the rational christian. This prayer indicates that I am able to disbelieve but choose to believe.

There are great differences when it comes to Catholics and protestants. Catholics follow traditions where as protestants follow scriptures. The existence of the Catholic church does not actually exist in scripture. Christianity is the only religion that refers to God as a father because of Jesus his son. Why only Christianity if Jesus was also Jewish? Do only Christians go to Heaven? Everybody is able to disbelieve but only some choose to believe. Not all Christians go to Heaven, to be able to go to Heaven you have to choose Jesus. Christianity is very similar to Pluto because whether or not you believe in it, it is still there.

God is offended by all sins as mentioned before. This only means he has to forgive all sins, as the one offended by the sin must forgive the sin. Jesus is either a liar, lunatic or lord. No prophets claim to be God. So if Jesus saying he is God is true he is much more than a prophet. If his claim isn’t true he must be considered a liar or a lunatic. Reading the gospels, which are the newspapers of the lord, and praying can help you have a more understanding belief of Jesus.

As mentioned before Jesus is one of the following three: liar lunatic or lord. If we believe in Jesus it means he is more than just a prophet, lunatic or a liar, Jesus is Lord. To be able to go to Heaven you have to choose, you have to choose to believe in Jesus. Jesus is 100% human and 100% God, so he is still 100% man in Heaven.

The Problem of Evil Peter Kreeft

 

The problem of evil is a big threat. There are many ways we can resolve it. The origin of evil isn’t the creator, but the creatures freely choosing sin and selfishness. God is the source of everything. If God’s world is so good how can there be evil? In the reading ‘The Problem of Evil”  we discussed two types of evils, physical and spiritual.

Saint Thomas Aquinas was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church. He was an immensely influential philosopher, theologian as well as jurist in the tradition of scholasticism. Within which he is know as the Doctor Angelicus and the Doctor Communis. The Summa Theologica is the best known work of Saint Thomas Aquinas. It was unfinished, but it is “one of the classics of the history of philosophy and one of the most influential works of Western literature.” Summa was intended as a instructional guide for theology students, including seminarians as well as the literate laity. It is a summary of all the main theological teachings of the catholic church. It presents almost all the reasoning for the points of Christian theological in the West. Throughout Saint Thomas Aquinas’ writings of the Summa Theologica he could only find two objections. The first objection is the apparent ability of natural science to explain everything in our experiences without God. The second objection is the problem of evil.

Image result for saint thomas aquinasPhoto: Saint Thomas Aquinas

In the reading we discussed many questions that all related to, whether or not God was the origin of evil. If the origin of evil is free will, and God is the origin of Free will, doesn’t that make God the the origin of evil? The previous question also corresponds with the question of ‘if God is the source of everything, is God the source of evil?  In the reading we discover that God is not the origin of evil, as everything God created is good, and that there is only one good which is God. But if God is so good, why is his world so bad? In the Bible, especially the New Testament, Satan comes to appear as the representation of evil. In the Book of Job, which is the book of Hebrew scripture, Satan appears as the partner of God. Satan on behalf of God puts the righteous one to the test.

As humans we have to tolerate pain and suffering. Does good come from suffering? Yes, good does come from suffering. Some examples would be firefighters, mothers and soldiers. Firefighters go through immense amounts of suffering to make good for others. They put their lives on the line, running through a burning building to save someone who couldn’t get out. Soldiers also put their lives on the line. They went to war with high possibilities of death, in hopes to bring independence to our country. Another great example of suffering to bring good would be our mothers, they go through great amount of suffering to allow us to live our best lives. Love also requires sacrifice. Good things come through suffering.

The worst aspect of the problem of evil is eternal evil, which is hell. Humans freely choose hell for ourselves. Non-believers have the opportunity to go to heaven or hell, but most chose to go to hell. Hell is just evil eternalized, so if there is evil and there is eternity, then there can be hell. It is intellectually dishonest to disbelieve in evil just because it is uncomfortable and shocking, it is also the same with hell. Consequences of our sins are our consequences. The problem of evil is a big threat, one way to solve it caritas. Caritas means charity. Donating to charity could be your passageway to heaven.

The Problem of Evil is the most serious problem in the world. It is also the one serious objections to the existence of God. In the reading Kreeft explored the objections to the problem of evil.  The cause of spiritual evil is physical evil. Physical evil is death. We also discussed the idea of caritas, as well as the idea of charity could be your passageway to heaven.

 

The Reasons To Believe, By Peter Kreeft

The reading “The Reasons to Believe,” by Peter Kreeft outlines the arguments from cause and effect from conscience, history and the arguments known as Pascal’s wager. We explored that there are two different types of philosophies; the Western and Eastern. In class we went into more depth about the readings and certain areas like the primary questions, names for God as well as miracles.

The author of the book is Peter Kreeft. Kreeft is a professor at Boston College as well as The King’s College. He is the author of many books on the topics of Christian philosophy, theology as well as apologetics.

Image result for peter kreeft picture of Peter Kreeft

Blaise Pascal is a famous seventeenth-century French philosopher, mathematic as well as physicist . Pascal presented an argument called Pascal’s Wager. This argument posits that humans bet with their lives that God exist or does not exist. This wager was based on the idea of the Christian God. Similar arguments have occurred in other religious traditions.

Image result for Blaise Pascal picture of Blaise Pascal

Four primary questions arose during the reading. The first question was can something come from nothing? Something can’t come from nothing so it must come from something, resulting in the answer to this question to be no. Opposing the answer to the previous question, the answer to question number two is yes. The second primary question is, does God exist? Some evidence for the second question is who else but God is able to create life, as humans cannot. Do we as humans have an immortal soul? Is the third question. The last primary question is do we have free will?

In the reading “Reasons to Believe” by Peter Kreeft God has many titles. The first title we talked about is unoriginated origin, this is coming from the statement something can’t come from nothing. With God being being the unoriginated origin that means God is what creates everything. God is also the Universal Designer as it is not possible that design happened without a designer. Everything has a cause, God is the original cause. Undivined hand as well as the worker is another known title for God. With all these names for God, us as students also have a title throughout the reading which is the Honest Seeker.

In this reading we gained the understanding that a miracle is showing the presence of God. An example of a miracle would be the Miracle of Fatima. This occurred on October 13, 1917 when 70,000 people came to see the miracle. All the people could look at the sun without blinking or without the sun hurting their eyes. While watching the sun it rotated and changed in size and getting further and closer to them. They believed the sun was dancing. Everyone there including the non believers testified they seen the sun dance. The non believers immediately dropped to their knees and begged for forgiveness. Today, our lady Fatima continues to work miracles through Fatima water which is sent from Fatima Portugal around the world. The Fatima water sprang up in Fatima at the spot that the Bishop told people to dig. This was near where Our Lady appeared at the Cova de Iria in Fatima, the water is known to cure people of sickness and poor health.

Peter Kreeft in the reading “The Reasons to Believe,” explored many reasons of how God is real. It also explored the presence of God. It outlines the arguments from cause and effect from conscience, history and the arguments known as Pascal’s wager. We also went into depth about the primary questions, names of God and students as well as miracles.

 

Word Craft: Sunrise on the Veld-Megan Krys

Have you ever kept careful watch for possible dangers or difficulties? If you have that would mean you are vigilant. In the story the boy was vigilant by stopping something from happening before it happens. Also getting up before the clock could also be an example of him being vigilant. I believe many people are vigilant even if they don’t realize it and aren’t trying to be.

Scornfully is defined as something done with out respect or something done showing displeasure. For example in the short story of Sunrise on the Veld he smiled scornfully. This means he smiled showing displeasure towards the dogs. I’m sure everyone including myself does a scornful gesture at least once a day. Another example of the boy being scornful was when he blamed his parents in the story.

The unwillingness or disinclination to do something is the description of reluctance. An example from the story is the obedience to the master from the dogs. The way the dogs stayed at the house until they were asked to go rather than running and leaving. I have experienced this same situation when training my dogs.

Wildlife and nature are very important things in life. Many parts of nature have different names we are unaware of. As in a shallow minor lake is referred to as a vlei. I have seen plenty of shallow minor lakes that I have not called a vlei. Have you ever seen a palm or fern or similar type plant? What did you call the leaf like part of that plant? If you said frond you are correct. I did not know this vocabulary before.

Figures of Speech: Sunrise on the Veld

Have you ever felt confined or trapped? By something as little as grass along the edge of the path? In the story Sunrise on the Veld there was two symbols that represents being confined or at a border. The wall of trees represented a border, unable to pass. As well as the grass edge of a bath represents the confinement, or the borders he can’t escape. Walking barefoot could be normal but carrying his shoes over his shoulder is a symbol for sacrifice.

The comparison of a non living thing to a human or living thing is personification. One personification from the story is the trees standing black and still. The house crouches, well really this is not possible. Houses cannot crouch but it seemed like it when it was shorter than the surrounding trees and hills. The grass was whispering and alive is another personification found in this short story. The grass whispering would most likely be a symbol of the wind blowing through the grass. The grass being alive would also be caused by the wind making it look alive and moving.

Similes are one of the most commonly used figures of speech. We as humans use similes everyday in our lives not knowing that we do. As I read this story I found at least one simile in each paragraph. In the first paragraph falling asleep was related to shutters falling. I think this comparison is with the darkness when you fall asleep as well as when you shut the shutters. The whispering noise was faint and dry, like the rustling of cast snakeskin was another simile found in this short story. This simile compared the whispering noises of the ants disappearing into the grass to the rustling of dry snakeskin. Alert as an animal was the simile found in paragraph six. The boy in this story is being compared to be as alert as an animal.

A self-contradictory statement or proposition is a paradox. An example of a paradox in the short story is light in dark spaces. This contradicts itself because if there is light it would not be a dark space. The conflict in this paradox could be that it was a dark space until the light came in. Another paradox that was spread out through the story was that the risk relating to the parents decrease as he got further away from the house yet the risk relating to himself increased as he moved further.

The occurrence of the same letter or sound  at the begging of adjacent or closely connected words is called an alliteration. An example in this story is in paragraph six which is smiled scornfully. This is an alliteration because both words start with the letter s. Alliterations and all other figure of speeches are used on a daily basis even if we don’t realize it.

Found Poem #1 Megan Krys

The wait to get on the American soil

Being denied constantly

The unmeaningful sorry’s

But the needed help

 

Come with me sir

Constantly heard

Followed by the unwanted

Please wait here

Or hold on

 

The steady falling of people

Those who don’t read the signs

Those who don’t care

It’s the only fun I have

 

I didn’t go on the ski trip poems Megan Krys

Pain is difficult

Pain is the loss of love or loss of communication

Pain hurts everyone in one way or another

It controls us and compels you

It lets us know how we express ourselves

How we show our emotions different from everyone else

And how we treat ourselves

Which affects how others treat us

It affects how we see the world

How we see the world is our own perspective

To believe in something else is not a crime

Nothing is a crime as long as you rhyme

 

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The silence of being unnoticed has silenced her

Over spoken she was terrified

Like a nightmare you can’t escape

Waiting for it to pass by

Her fearless side to come out

To face the battle

Over the other side of the valley

The other side of the world you wanted to see

But you were trapped

Unable to go anywhere

An emotional Landscape (Lvov) Megan Krys

 

Dew gleams on the road ahead

It vanishes as I continue my journey

I didn’t want to leave this as a memory

The intense ripple of happiness

 

I grow mindless as I continue this path

My joy hovers everywhere

It is relentless, unforgettable

A memory not to lose

 

As I arrive to my destination

The sun glows bright

I only see outlines of buildings

And barbed wire I step over

 

The rub my eyes look again

Nothing is there,

Just flat prairies

My desire wasn’t born yet

First Line Auction Megan Krys

The fire burns bright over a wooden log

Unclear what is going to happen next

It’s life was well lived, still had life ahead of it

Still strong with ideas of what life is like

 

Unseen, out of nowhere it came roaring

The fire burns bright. Burning over top of the log

Whole life is gone in less than a minute

Uncalled for, hoping it will not happen again

 

Like the kid sitting next to you

You don’t know them

But one day they’ll be gone

Out of nowhere, now everybody knows him

 

It was too late

You see him in the hall

Making threats you think are jokes

But you turn around and he’s gone