Ethical values (Core ethical values) and (Medical values)

Six  values that are commonly used in medical ethics discussions

  1. Autonomy –  a person has the right to make their own choices.  In Medicine, the patient has the right to refuse or choose their treatment.
  2. Beneficence – decisions involve having the  other person’s best interests in mind; a practitioner should act in the best interest of the patient.
  3. Non-maleficence – “first, do no harm”
  4. Justice – to provide what a person is entitled to;  concerns the distribution of scarce health resources, and the decision of who gets what treatment
  5. Dignity – Humans are to be honoured and treated with respect; the patient (and the person treating the patient) have the right to dignity.
  6. Fidelity – Keeping promises, being honest, telling the truth;  the concept of informed consent has increased in importance

Directions:  Select one of the bioethical issues below and using the handout provided in class, come to an informed decision on the issue you selected.

Bioethical Issues

  1. (Should having a baby after menopause be allowed?) Is 66 to old to have a baby?
  2. (Should collecting sperm after a man has died be allowed?)   Judge OKs Dead Son’s Sperm and Judge OKs …
  3. (Should euthanasia or Abortion allowed legally?)  Decriminalizing euthanasia and   Euthanasia Bill and End of Life Decisions
  4. (When should organs be harvested for organ donation?) When does death occur? and   Doctors Debate

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