Building Your Own Conscience

Building Your Own Conscience
(Batteries not included)

Morality in General
1. Whose Truth?
Objective and subjective morality
existence: is it there?
nature: what’s it for?
experience and reason
trustworthy testimony
The reasoning process
perceive, categorize, evaluate, symbolize, critique
Objective fact
Subjective reasoning
Proverbs 8:1-10
Job 38:1-7
1Kings 3:6-14
Numbers 22:22-35
Acts 17:22-28

2. What Being Human Means?
Human nature and animal nature
What are humans for?
Human qualities
Understand vs. animal awareness
love vs. animal affection
grow as human vs. animal slavery
Luke 10:30-37
Luke 14:7-24
Genesis 49:1-28
Hebrews 5:11-14
Isaiah 1:2-6

3. Conscience
Utilitarian: What works
Altruistic: What’s right
Lawrence Kohlberg
6 stages of moral awareness
Sigmund Freud
Personality: Outer Self
Character: Inner Self
2Corinthians 1:12-14
Matthew 5:21-24
Acts 15:1-21
Romans 2:12-16
1Corinthians 10:27-33

4. Relationships
Freedom and autonomy
What does any human deserve from the objective fact of his or her humanity?
Human relationships
Making a living
Finding what living is for
Who am I?
Where do I fit in?
Biological ecology
Moral ecology
2Samuel 11:1-12:15
Romans 12:9-21
Acts 6:1-7
James 1:22-25
Galatians 6:7-10

5. Legal/Moral
Rules or Laws
Arbitrary vs. Natural
Two objective factors
Narcissism vs. Inertia
Two kinds of authority(power)
2 Corinthians 3:1-6
Galatians 3:10-14
James 2:8-13
Mark 6:37-42
Matthew 15:16-20

Using a notebook to responsibly record notes will create a handy study guide for quizzes and tests. Your notebooks will not be checked. As this seminar insists, students capable of studying morality are emergent adults. If you cannot take responsibility for your own learning, that in itself is a problem for which the only antidote is a stiff dose of failure.

The journal is the most important element in this seminar. Journal writing has at least three functions.
First, by the fifth grade students have learned that you do not volunteer answers. If you just sit and stare long enough, the teacher will most likely pass over you and call on someone else–there will always be someone who will take off the heat. All students in this seminar must be active participants in the thinking process. The journal will engage your active thinking
Second, the journal will force students to put into words what they are thinking. Having some vague “feeling” about an issue in not thinking. “Having an idea” is not the same thing as “reasoning.” Many will settle for top-of-the-head responses, don’t let yourself get away with this. Avoid any immature minimalism that will simply get the assignment out of the way, challenge yourself to think more clearly about a topic.
Third, your journal will be taken seriously. They will be collected periodically and graded on a 4 point scale. Occasionally you may feel that you wish a particular entry not to be read, simply fold the page over and staple and I will assure your responses will remain confidential.

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Proverbs 8:1-10
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1Doth not wisdom cry aloud, and prudence put forth her voice?
2Standing in the top of the highest places by the way, in the midst of the paths.
3Beside the gates of the city, in the very doors she speaketh, saying:
4O ye men, to you I call, and my voice is to the sons of men.
5O little ones, understand subtilty, and ye unwise, take notice.
6Hear, for I will speak of great things: and my lips shall be opened to preach right things.
7My mouth shall meditate truth, and my lips shall hate wickedness.
8All my words are just, there is nothing wicked nor perverse in them.
9They are right to them that understand, and just to them that find knowledge.
10Receive my instruction, and not money: choose knowledge rather than gold.
Job 38:1-7
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1Then the Lord answered Job out of a whirlwind, and said:
2Who is this that wrappeth up sentences in unskillful words?
3Gird up thy loins like a man: I will ask thee, and answer thou me.
4Where wast thou when I laid up the foundations of the earth? tell me if thou hast understanding.
5Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?
6Upon what are its bases grounded? or who laid the corner stone thereof,
7When the morning stars praised me together, and all the sons of God made a joyful melody?
Numbers 22:22-35
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22And God was angry. And an angel of the Lord stood in the way against Balaam, who sat on the ass, and had two servants with him.
23The ass seeing the angel standing in the way, with a drawn sword, turned herself out of the way, and went into the field. And when Balaam beat her, and had a mind to bring her again to the way,
24The angel stood in a narrow place between two walls, wherewith the vineyards were enclosed.
25And the ass seeing him, thrust herself close to the wall, and bruised the foot of the rider. But he beat her again:
26And nevertheless the angel going on to a narrow place, where there was no way to turn aside either to the right hand or to the left, stood to meet him.
27And when the ass saw the angel standing, she fell under the feet of the rider: who being angry beat her sides more vehemently with a staff.
28And the Lord opened the mouth of the ass, and she said: What have I done to thee? Why strikest thou me, lo, now this third time?
29Balaam answered: Because thou hast deserved it, and hast served me ill: I would I had a sword that I might kill thee.
30The ass said: Am not I thy beast, on which thou hast been always accustomed to ride until this present day? tell me if I ever did the like thing to thee. But he said: Never.
31Forthwith the Lord opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel standing in the way with a drawn sword, and he worshipped him falling flat on the ground.
32And the angel said to him: Why beatest thou thy ass these three times? I am come to withstand thee, because thy way is perverse, and contrary to me:
33And unless the ass had turned out of the way, giving place to me who stood against thee, I had slain thee, and she should have lived.
34Balaam said: I have sinned, not knowing that thou didst stand against me: and now if it displease thee that I go, I will return.
35The angel said: Go with these men, and see thou speak no other thing than what I shall command thee. He went therefore with the princes.
Acts 17:22-28
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22But Paul standing in the midst of the Areopagus, said: Ye men of Athens, I perceive that in all things you are too superstitious.
23For passing by, and seeing your idols, I found an altar also, on which was written: To the unknown God. What therefore you worship, without knowing it, that I preach to you:
24God, who made the world, and all things therein; he, being Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands;
25Neither is he served with men's hands, as though he needed any thing; seeing it is he who giveth to all life, and breath, and all things:
26And hath made of one, all mankind, to dwell upon the whole face of the earth, determining appointed times, and the limits of their habitation.
27That they should seek God, if happily they may feel after him or find him, although he be not far from every one of us:
28For in him we live, and move, and are; as some also of your own poets said: For we are also his offspring.
Luke 10:30-37
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30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Luke 14:7-24
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7And he spoke a parable also to them that were invited, marking how they chose the first seats at the table, saying to them:
8When thou art invited to a wedding, sit not down in the first place, lest perhaps one more honourable than thou be invited by him:
9And he that invited thee and him, come and say to thee, Give this man place: and then thou begin with shame to take the lowest place.
10But when thou art invited, go, sit down in the lowest place; that when he who invited thee, cometh, he may say to thee: Friend, go up higher. Then shalt thou have glory before them that sit at table with thee.
11Because every one that exalteth himself, shall be humbled; and he that humbleth himself, shall be exalted.
12And he said to him also that had invited him: When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, nor thy kinsmen, nor thy neighbours who are rich; lest perhaps they also invite thee again, and a recompense be made to thee.
13But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, and the blind;
14And thou shalt be blessed, because they have not wherewith to make thee recompense: for recompense shall be made thee at the resurrection of the just.
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
Genesis 49:1-28
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1And Jacob called his sons, and said to them: Gather yourselves together that I may tell you the things that shall befall you in the last days.
2Gather yourselves together, and hear, O ye sons of Jacob, hearken to Israel your father:
3Ruben, my firstborn, thou art my strength, and the beginning of my sorrow: excelling in gifts, greater in command.
4Thou art poured out as water, grow thou not: because thou wentest up to thy father's bed, and didst defile his couch.
5Simeon and Levi brethren: vessels of iniquity, waging war.
6Let not my soul go into their counsel, nor my glory be in their assembly: because in their fury they slew a man, and in their selfwill they undermined a wall.
7Cursed be their fury, because it was stubborn: and their wrath because it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and will scatter them in Israel.
8Juda, thee shall thy brethren praise: thy hands shall be on the necks of thy enemies: the sons of thy father shall bow down to thee.
9Juda is a lion's whelp: to the prey, my son, thou art gone up: resting thou hast couched as a lion, and as a lioness, who shall rouse him?
10The sceptre shall not be taken away from Juda, nor a ruler from his thigh, till he come that is to be sent, and he shall be the expectation of nations.
11Tying his foal to the vineyard, and his ass, O my son, to the vine. He shall wash his robe in wine, and his garment in the blood of the grape.
12His eyes are more beautiful than wine, and his teeth whiter than milk.
13Zabulon shall dwell on the sea shore, and in the road of ships, reaching as far as Sidon.
14Issachar shall be a strong ass lying down between the borders.
15He saw rest that it was good: and the land that it was excellent: and he bowed his shoulder to carry, and became a servant under tribute.
16Dan shall judge his people like another tribe in Israel.
17Let Dan be a snake in the way, a serpent in the path, that biteth the horse's heels that his rider may fall backward.
18I will look for thy salvation, O Lord.
19Gad, being girded, shall fight before him: and he himself shall be girded backward.
20Aser, his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield dainties to kings.
21Nephtali, a hart let loose, and giving words of beauty.
22Joseph is a growing son, a growing son and comely to behold; the daughters run to and fro upon the wall.
23But they that held darts provoked him, and quarrelled with him, and envied him.
24His bow rested upon the strong, and the bands of his arms and his hands were loosed, by the hands of the mighty one of Jacob: thence he came forth a pastor, the stone of Israel.
25The God of thy father shall be thy helper, and the Almighty shall bless thee with the blessings of heaven above, with the blessings of the deep that lieth beneath, with the blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
26The blessings of thy father are strengthened with the blessings of his fathers: until the desire of the everlasting hills should come; may they be upon the head of Joseph, and upon the crown of the Nazarite among his brethren.
27Benjamin a ravenous wolf, in the morning shall eat the prey, and in the evening shall divide the spoil.
28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: these things their father spoke to them, and he blessed every one, with their proper blessings.
Hebrews 5:11-14
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11Of whom we have much to say, and hard to be intelligibly uttered: because you are become weak to hear.
12For whereas for the time you ought to be masters, you have need to be taught again what are the first elements of the words of God: and you are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.
13For every one that is a partaker of milk, is unskillful in the word of justice: for he is a little child.
14But strong meat is for the perfect; for them who by custom have their senses exercised to the discerning of good and evil.
Isaiah 1:2-6
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2Hear, O ye heavens, and give ear, O earth, for the Lord hath spoken. I have brought up children, and exalted them: but they have despised me.
3The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel hath not known me, and my people hath not understood.
4Woe to the sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a wicked seed, ungracious children: they have forsaken the Lord, they have blasphemed the Holy One of Israel, they are gone away backwards.
5For what shall I strike you any more, you that increase transgression? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart is sad.
6From the sole of the foot unto the top of the head, there is no soundness therein: wounds and bruises and swelling sores: they are not bound up, nor dressed, nor fomented with oil.
Matthew 5:21-24
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21You have heard that it was said to them of old: Thou shalt not kill. And whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment.
22But I say to you, that whosoever is angry with his brother, shall be in danger of the judgment. And whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council. And whosoever shall say, Thou Fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
23If therefore thou offer thy gift at the altar, and there thou remember that thy brother hath any thing against thee;
24Leave there thy offering before the altar, and go first to be reconciled to thy brother: and then coming thou shalt offer thy gift.
Acts 15:1-21
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1And some coming down from Judea, taught the brethren: That except you be circumcised after the manner of Moses, you cannot be saved.
2And when Paul and Barnabas had no small contest with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain others of the other side, should go up to the apostles and priests to Jerusalem about this question.
3They therefore being brought on their way by the church, passed through Phenice, and Samaria, relating the conversion of the Gentiles; and they caused great joy to all the brethren.
4And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received by the church, and by the apostles and ancients, declaring how great things God had done with them.
5But there arose some of the sect of the Pharisees that believed, saying: They must be circumcised, and be commanded to observe the law of Moses.
6And the apostles and ancients assembled to consider of this matter.
7And when there had been much disputing, Peter, rising up, said to them: Men, brethren, you know, that in former days God made choice among us, that by my mouth the Gentiles should hear the word of the gospel, and believe.
8And God, who knoweth the hearts, gave testimony, giving unto them the Holy Ghost, as well as to us;
9And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.
10Now therefore, why tempt you God to put a yoke upon the necks of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we have been able to bear?
11But by the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, we believe to be saved, in like manner as they also.
12And all the multitude held their peace; and they heard Barnabas and Paul telling what great signs and wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles by them.
13And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying: Men, brethren, hear me.
14Simon hath related how God first visited to take of the Gentiles a people to his name.
15And to this agree the words of the prophets, as it is written:
16After these things I will return, and will rebuild the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and the ruins thereof I will rebuild, and I will set it up:
17That the residue of men may seek after the Lord, and all nations upon whom my name is invoked, saith the Lord, who doth these things.
18To the Lord was his own work known from the beginning of the world.
19For which cause I judge that they, who from among the Gentiles are converted to God, are not to be disquieted.
20But that we write unto them, that they refrain themselves from the pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things strangled, and from blood.
21For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him in the synagogues, where he is read every sabbath.
Romans 2:12-16
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12For whosoever have sinned without the law, shall perish without the law; and whosoever have sinned in the law, shall be judged by the law.
13For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.
14For when the Gentiles, who have not the law, do by nature those things that are of the law; these having not the law are a law to themselves:
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
16In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.
Romans 12:9-21
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9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
14Bless them that persecute you: bless, and curse not.
15Rejoice with them that rejoice; weep with them that weep.
16Being of one mind one towards another. Not minding high things, but consenting to the humble. Be not wise in your own conceits.
17To no man rendering evil for evil. Providing good things, not only in the sight of God, but also in the sight of all men.
18If it be possible, as much as is in you, have peace with all men.
19Revenge not yourselves, my dearly beloved; but give place unto wrath, for it is written: Revenge is mine, I will repay, saith the Lord.
20But if thy enemy be hungry, give him to eat; if he thirst, give him to drink. For, doing this, thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head.
21Be not overcome by evil, but overcome evil by good.
Acts 6:1-7
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1And in those days, the number of the disciples increasing, there arose a murmuring of the Greeks against the Hebrews, for that their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.
2Then the twelve calling together the multitude of the disciples, said: It is not reason that we should leave the word of God, and serve tables.
3Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of good reputation, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.
4But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.
5And the saying was liked by all the multitude. And they chose Stephen, a man full of faith, and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas, a proselyte of Antioch.
6These they set before the apostles; and they praying, imposed hands upon them.
7And the word of the Lord increased; and the number of the disciples was multiplied in Jerusalem exceedingly: a great multitude also of the priests obeyed the faith.
James 1:22-25
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22But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.
23For if a man be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he shall be compared to a man beholding his own countenance in a glass.
24For he beheld himself, and went his way, and presently forgot what manner of man he was.
25But he that hath looked into the perfect law of liberty, and hath continued therein, not becoming a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work; this man shall be blessed in his deed.
Galatians 6:7-10
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7Be not deceived, God is not mocked.
8For what things a man shall sow, those also shall he reap. For he that soweth in his flesh, of the flesh also shall reap corruption. But he that soweth in the spirit, of the spirit shall reap life everlasting.
9And in doing good, let us not fail. For in due time we shall reap, not failing.
10Therefore, whilst we have time, let us work good to all men, but especially to those who are of the household of the faith.
2 Corinthians 3:1-6
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1Do we begin again to commend ourselves? Or do we need (as some do) epistles of commendation to you, or from you?
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
3Being manifested, that you are the epistle of Christ, ministered by us, and written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in the fleshly tables of the heart.
4And such confidence we have, through Christ, towards God.
5Not that we are sufficient to think any thing of ourselves, as of ourselves: but our sufficiency is from God.
6Who also hath made us fit ministers of the new testament, not in the letter, but in the spirit. For the letter killeth, but the spirit quickeneth.
Galatians 3:10-14
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10For as many as are of the works of the law, are under a curse. For it is written: Cursed is every one, that abideth not in all things, which are written in the book of the law to do them.
11But that in the law no man is justified with God, it is manifest: because the just man liveth by faith.
12But the law is not of faith: but, He that doth those things, shall live in them.
13Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written: Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
14That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Christ Jesus: that we may receive the promise of the Spirit by faith.
James 2:8-13
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8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
11For he that said, Thou shalt not commit adultery, said also, Thou shalt not kill. Now if thou do not commit adultery, but shalt kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.
12So speak ye, and so do, as being to be judged by the law of liberty.
13For judgment without mercy to him that hath not done mercy. And mercy exalteth itself above judgment.
Mark 6:37-42
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37And he answering said to them: Give you them to eat. And they said to him: Let us go and buy bread for two hundred pence, and we will give them to eat.
38And he saith to them: How many loaves have you? go and see. And when they knew, they say: Five, and two fishes.
39And he commanded them that they should make them all sit down by companies upon the green grass.
40And they sat down in ranks, by hundreds and by fifties.
41And when he had taken the five loaves, and the two fishes: looking up to heaven, he blessed, and broke the loaves, and gave to his disciples to set before them: and the two fishes he divided among them all.
42And they all did eat, and had their fill.
Matthew 15:16-20
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16But he said: Are you also yet without understanding?
17Do you not understand, that whatsoever entereth into the mouth, goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the privy?
18But the things which proceed out of the mouth, come forth from the heart, and those things defile a man.
19For from the heart come forth evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false testimonies, blasphemies.
20These are the things that defile a man. But to eat with unwashed hands doth not defile a man.
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