Posts tagged ‘God’

Read Galatians 3:26-28

God loves me with an unconditional love. Name some of the ways I love who I am.

What can we do together to create a greater sense of unity and acceptance among us?

Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.

After viewing the film Glory Road write a 5 paragraph essay response to the question: What Does It Take to Change the World?

Pick and choose from the following six ideas to develop your own thesis and topic sentences. In your essay refer to specific detail from the film, your own experiences, and passages from Scripture to develop your response to the question: What Does It Take to Change the World?

One: Recruiting Strategies
(read Luke 14:15-24; 1 Corinthians 1:24-31; and John 3:16-18; John 1:12-13)

  • How does Coach Haskins change his recruiting methods after the traditional methods fail?
    In school, when a team “captain” was choosing up sides for a team — what determined if someone got picked or not?
  • Have you ever wanted to be part of something — knowing you could do well — only to be rejected? Or have you ever rejected someone because of their race, the way they talked, the clothes they wore, or where they lived? Describe your experience.
  • When Paul comments about “the wise” who do you think he is talking about? Who would represent the “wise” in Glory Road?
  • What kind of people does God “recruit?”
  • What does God use as His standard for who makes the team?

Two: Good Players Need Good Coaching
(read 1 Corinthians 12:12-27; 2 Timothy 2:2-7)

  • Name some of the behaviors that players on the Texas Western team had to overcome in order to become winners.
  • What kinds of things did Coach Haskins do to discipline his team so that they would work together?
  • What does the Bible say about why some people might not work well together?
  • Name some roles Christians play in changing the world for Christ.
  • Describe a coaching or mentoring relationship you have or had in school. What effect did the coaching have on your performance? What characteristics did you most appreciate in the person who was helping you?
  • What does Timothy — and the rest of us — learn about playing on God’s team from each of the examples that Paul uses?
  • Where should we go to find out what we should do, what the rules are, and how to work hard?
  • Once we have learned how to change the world for Christ, what does Paul say we should do with that knowledge?

Three: Great Players Persevere
(read 1 Peter 5:8; 1 Peter 4:12-19; James 1:2-3,12 and Romans 5:1-5)

  • What were some of the responses people had when the Texas Western team began to win — especially when they began to beat highly-ranked teams?
  • Once things got really bad, what happened to the team?
  • How was their internal conflict demonstrated outwardly?
  • Who is one of our opponents?
  • Why shouldn’t we be surprised that we face opposition?
  • What does it mean to be reviled?
  • What do James and Paul say we should do in the face of difficult opposition?
  • What is the end result of endurance and perseverance?

Four: Players Don’t Stand Alone
(read Romans 12:4-13, Philippians 2:1-11 and Hebrews 10:23-25)

  • When Coach Haskins announces his decision to his team — what is their response?
  • Some of the white players would never again get a chance to play in a championship tournament, so why do you think they agreed to sit out the game?
  • What lines of support did you see develop that helped Texas Western to prevail? According to the Bible, what are some ways we can show support for one another?
  • How does meeting together regularly contribute to the support of all members?

Five: All Players Triumph through Belief and Action
(read James 2:14-26)

  • What obstacles have you overcome in your life?
  • Can you give some examples of how action confirms belief?
  • What kind of actions can you take that will lead others to Jesus and help to change the world for Christ

Six: Go Play to Win!
(read 1 Corinthians 9:25-27)

  • What one thing will you change about yourself this week to help win the world for Christ?
  • What one thing will you commit yourself to do for someone else in this room to help them in their faith
  • Discuss what you can do to reach out to others and help them to join God’s team.

NRSV translation of the related Scriptures from http://bible.oremus.org/:
James 2:1-10
Luke 14:15-24
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
John 3:16-18
John 1:12-13
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
2 Timothy 2:2-7
1 Peter 5:8
1 Peter 4:12-19
James 1:2-3
James 1:12
Romans 5:1-5
Romans 12:4-13
Philippians 2:1-11
Hebrews 10:23-25
James 2:14-26
1 Corinthians 9:25-27

Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
View in: NRSV
1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
View in: NRSV
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

Here are some facts about Judaism. Write a post about this ancient religion in your blog.

  • 3,500 years old
  • Founded by Abraham and Moses
  • Jewish people are specially chosen by God.
  • Followers worship in synagogues; their spiritual leaders are called rabbis.
  • Has twelve million followers, most of whom are in Israel and the United States.
  • Six million Jews were murdered in the Holocaust in an attempt to wipe out Judaism.
Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
View in: NRSV
1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
View in: NRSV
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

Monotheism is a belief in one god alone. Polytheism is a belief in many gods. Around 2000 BC.E., most peoples in the Mediterranean region believed in many gods. They saw each force of nature – the wind, the sun, the rain – as a separate deity. This was a way of explaining the world in which they lived.

Unlike most of their neighbours, the Jews believed in one god, not many. Think about what you know about the history and geography of the region. How do you think the Jewish belief in one god affected their interactions with the other people?

Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
View in: NRSV
1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
View in: NRSV
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

The history of the Jews goes back thousands of years. Below are some important events in the years before the Common Era (B.C.E.). Use your knowledge of Judaism and the history of the region to determine their correct order. Number them 1-10, with 1 as the earliest event.

a. Cyrus, king of Persia, allows the Jews to return to Judah.
b. The kingdom of Israel splits in two. The northern kingdom continues to be called Israel. The southern kingdom is called Judah.
c. Abraham, to whom the Jews trace their ancestry, is told to leave Mesopotamia and settle in Canaan, which is now Israel.
d. When King Antiochus tries to force Jews to worship idols, a group of rebels overthrows the king.
e. The kingdom of Israel is founded.
f. Judah comes under the control of Alexander the Great.
g. Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt and receives the laws of God.
h. The Babylonians conquer the southern kingdom of Judah.
i. Persia conquers Babylonia.
j. The Assyrians conquer the northern kingdom of Israel.

Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
View in: NRSV
1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
View in: NRSV
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

Abraham was the first prophet of Judaism. According to the Midrash, a book of Jewish stories and aphorisms, Abraham was walking near the city of Ur when he saw an empty palace. For a moment he thought that the palace appeared before him like an illusion. Then he realized, of course, it was probably built by someone. In order for a palace to exist it must have been built. Likewise, Abraham reasoned that the world itself was made by something. This “something” is called God.

Do you think things can exist without having a beginning?

Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
View in: NRSV
1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
View in: NRSV
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

According to the Bible, God promised to deliver the Jews from slavery in Egypt. Directed by God, Moses asked the pharaoh to release the Jews. The pharaoh refused. God then sent ten plagues to the Egyptians; Jews were not affected by the plagues.

First, the water in the Nile turned to blood. Then a wave of frogs covered the land. Next the dust of the earth was changed into gnats, which attacked people and animals. In the fourth plague, swarms of flies filled the air. Then came a disease that killed the Egyptians’ livestock. Next the Egyptians suffered from painful boils. In the seventh plague, severe hail killed people and animals. Then came locusts, which ate any crops that survived the hail. The ninth plague brought three days of utter darkness, so that people could not see to move around. In the tenth plague, the firstborn sons in all Egyptian homes died. Finally, the pharaoh agreed to let the Jews leave Egypt.

The pharaoh refused to let the Jews leave until the tenth plague. How do you think ordinary Egyptians felt about this? Imagine living through plague after plague. Would you want to keep the Jews in Egypt, or let them go?

Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
View in: NRSV
1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
View in: NRSV
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

The Jews were freed from slavery in Egypt after god sent ten plagues to the Egyptians. In the last plague, the firstborn son of every house in Egypt died. Speaking through Moses, God directed the Jews to do certain things. Death would pass over the house of anyone who obeyed theses directions. Jewish families were told to sacrifice a lamb and to mark their doors with its blood. They were then to roast the lamb, eating it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. They were to dress as if they were traveling, with sandals on their feet and staffs in hand. God also told them that they should celebrate this event in the future by performing the same rite every year.

Moses explained, “When your children ask you, ‘What does this rite of yours mean?’ you shall reply, ‘This is the Passover sacrifice of the Lord, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt; when he struck down the Egyptians, he spared our houses.” (Exodus 12 26:27)

Passover is still celebrated in Jewish homes today, 3000 years after the first Passover in Egypt. Why do you think this event is still celebrated?

Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
View in: NRSV
1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
View in: NRSV
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

When Moses led the Jews out of Egypt, they crossed the Sinai Desert. God called Moses to the top of Mount Sinai and gave him the Ten Commandments. These commandments formed the moral code for the Jewish people. Some were injunctions – things the people were told to do. Some were prohibitions – things they were told not to do.

Injunctions included keeping the Sabbath day holy and honouring one’s parents. Prohibitions included worshipping other gods, making idols, taking God’s name in vain, killing, committing adultery, theft, bearing false witness, and wanting things that belong to other people

Do you think these Ten Commandments are a good foundation for a code of conduct?

Galatians 3:26-28
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26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
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15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
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24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
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12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
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12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
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2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
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8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
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12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
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2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
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1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
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4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
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1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
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23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
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14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
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1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
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12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

Prophets are people who have a special ability for listening to and speaking for God. The prophet Isaiah, who lived around the eighth century B.C.E., was an adviser to the king of Judah. At that time, the kingdom was under attack from Assyria, Isaiah told the king that god would protect the people if they had faith, but if they rejected god, they would be destroyed.

My friend had a vineyard on a fertile hillside; he spaded it, cleared it of stones, and planted the choicest vines; . . . Then he looked for the crop of grapes, but what it yielded was wild grapes . . . Now, I will let you know what I mean to do to my vineyard: Take away its hedge, give it to grazing, break through its wall, let it be trampled! Yes, I will make it a ruin: it shall not be pruned or hoed, but overgrown with thorns and briers; I will command the clouds not to send rain upon it. The vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his cherished plant. (Isaiah 5:1-7))

In your own words, explain what Isaiah was saying here.

Galatians 3:26-28
View in: NRSV
26For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus.
27For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.
28There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Luke 14:15-24
View in: NRSV
15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
View in: NRSV
24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
View in: NRSV
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
View in: NRSV
12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
View in: NRSV
12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
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2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
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8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
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12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3,12
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2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
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1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
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4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
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23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
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14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
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25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
James 2:1-10
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1My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with respect of persons.
2For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,
3And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel, and shall say to him: Sit thou here well; but say to the poor man: Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool:
4Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
5Hearken, my dearest brethren: hath not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised to them that love him?
6But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? and do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
7Do not they blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
8If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; you do well.
9But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
10And whosoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, is become guilty of all.
Luke 14:15-24
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15When one of them that sat at table with him, had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper, and invited many.
17And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come, for now all things are ready.
18And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm, and I must needs go out and see it: I pray thee, hold me excused.
19And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to try them: I pray thee, hold me excused.
20And another said: I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
21And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the feeble, and the blind, and the lame.
22And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
23And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24But I say unto you, that none of those men that were invited, shall taste of my supper.
1 Corinthians 1:24-31
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24But unto them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
26For see your vocation, brethren, that there are not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble:
27But the foolish things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the wise; and the weak things of the world hath God chosen, that he may confound the strong.
28And the base things of the world, and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen, and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
29That no flesh should glory in his sight.
30But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:
31That, as it is written: He that glorieth, may glory in the Lord.
John 3:16-18
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.
18He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 1:12-13
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12But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
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12For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.
13For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.
14For the body also is not one member, but many.
15If the foot should say, because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16And if the ear should say, because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
18But now God hath set the members every one of them in the body as it hath pleased him.
19And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
20But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
21And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help; nor again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
22Yea, much more those that seem to be the more feeble members of the body, are more necessary.
23And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the body, about these we put more abundant honour; and those that are our uncomely parts, have more abundant comeliness.
24But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour,
25That there might be no schism in the body; but the members might be mutually careful one for another.
26And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.
2 Timothy 2:2-7
View in: NRSV
2And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular businesses; that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6The husbandman, that laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things understanding.
1 Peter 5:8
View in: NRSV
8Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.
1 Peter 4:12-19
View in: NRSV
12Dearly beloved, think not strange the burning heat which is to try you, as if some new thing happened to you;
13But if you partake of the sufferings of Christ, rejoice that when his glory shall be revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.
14If you be reproached for the name of Christ, you shall be blessed: for that which is of the honour, glory, and power of God, and that which is his Spirit, resteth upon you.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.
16But if as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
17For the time is, that judgment should begin at the house of God. And if first at us, what shall be the end of them that believe not the gospel of God?
18And if the just man shall scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God, commend their souls in good deeds to the faithful Creator.
James 1:2-3
View in: NRSV
2My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
James 1:12
View in: NRSV
12Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been proved, he shall receive a crown of life, which God hath promised to them that love him.
Romans 5:1-5
View in: NRSV
1Being justified therefore by faith, let us have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access through faith into this grace, wherein we stand, and glory in the hope of the glory of the sons of God.
3And not only so; but we glory also in tribulations, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience trial; and trial hope;
5And hope confoundeth not: because the charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Romans 12:4-13
View in: NRSV
4For as in one body we have many members, but all the members have not the same office:
5So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6And having different gifts, according to the grace that is given us, either prophecy, to be used according to the rule of faith;
7Or ministry, in ministering; or he that teacheth, in doctrine;
8He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good.
10Loving one another with the charity of brotherhood, with honour preventing one another.
11In carefulness not slothful. In spirit fervent. Serving the Lord.
12Rejoicing in hope. Patient in tribulation. Instant in prayer.
13Communicating to the necessities of the saints. Pursuing hospitality.
Philippians 2:1-11
View in: NRSV
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any society of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2Fulfill ye my joy, that you may be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3Let nothing be done through contention, neither by vain glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves:
4Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man.
8He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.
9For which cause God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above all names:
10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
11And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 10:23-25
View in: NRSV
23Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised),
24And let us consider one another, to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed; but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
James 2:14-26
View in: NRSV
14What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him?
15And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:
16And one of you say to them: Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give them not those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
17So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
18But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith.
19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
20But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled, saying: Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God.
24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
25And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers, and sending them out another way?
26For even as the body without the spirit is dead; so also faith without works is dead.
1 Corinthians 9:25-27
View in: NRSV
25And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
26I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air:
27But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
Isaiah 5:1-7
View in: NRSV
1I will sing to my beloved the canticle of my cousin concerning his vineyard. My beloved had a vineyard on a hill in a fruitful place.
2And he fenced it in, and picked the stones out of it, and planted it with the choicest vines, and built a tower in the midst thereof, and set up a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it broutht forth wild grapes.
3And now, O ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and ye men of Juda, judge between me and my vineyard.
4What is there that I ought to do more to my vineyard, that I have not done to it?
5And now I will shew you wnat I will do to my vineyard. I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be wasted: I will break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down.
6And I will make it desolate: it shall not be pruned, and it shall not be digged: but briers and thorns shall come up: and I will command the clouds to rain no rain upon it.
7For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel: and the man of Juda, his pleasant plant: and I looked that he should do judgment, and behold iniquity: and do justice, and behold a cry.
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