Tag Archi'es: allusion

Death o'a Young Son by Drownin'

“Death o'a Young Son by Drownin'” by Margaret Atwood be a mo'in' poem about yonder death o'a child. Yonder use o'metaphor makes yonder poem more challengin'.


Hope dies when 'un’s child dies.


  • metaphor, simile, symbolism, allusion.


Wha' happened t'yonder speaker? T' her son?

Wha' reflecti'e question does this poem ask?

This poem hails from a collection written by Margaret Atwood called T' Journals o'Susanna Moodie. In this collection we read o'thar hardships an' triumphs o't' title character, who be a pioneer an' recent immigrant t'Canada. Find an' read other poems from this collection.

Write about t'comparisons this poem uses. Do ye think yonder comparisons be appropriate or effecti'e?

How do ye feel about this poem? Wha' do ye like or dislike about it?

Wha' do t'last two lines mean?

Discuss thar type o'journey both mother an' son make. Discuss how it symbolizes ye journey o'life, from birth t'death.


“Death o'a Young Son by Drownin'” by Margaret Atwood

He, who na'igated wi' success
thar dangerous ri'er o'his own birth
once more set forth

on a voyage o'disco'ery
into ye land I floated on
but could not touch t'claim.

His feet slid on yonder bank,
t' currents took him;
he swirled wi' ice an' trees in yonder swollen water

an' plunged into distant regions,
his head a bathysphere;
through his eyes’ thin glass bubbles

he looked out, reckless ad'enturer
on a landscape stranger than Uranus
we have all been t'an' some remember.

Thar was an accident; t'air locked,
he was hung in thar ri'er like a heart.
They retrie'ed t'swamped body,

cairn o'me plans an' future charts,
wi' poles an' hooks
from among thar nudgin' logs.

It was sprin', yonder sun kept shinin', yonder new grass
leapt t'solidity;
me hands glistened wi' details.

After ye long trip I was tired o'wa'es.
Me foot hit rock. Yonder dreamed sails
collapsed, ragged.

I planted him in this country
like a flag.

Not only marble, but ye plastic toys

“Not only marble, but t'plastic toys” by Wendy Cope be a parody o'Shakespeare’s “Sonnet LV”.


Creati'e works cannot endure.


Sonnet structure, comparison, parody, allusion.


See Shakespeare’s “Sonnet LV”.

Summarize this sonnet in yer own words usin' yer summary o'Shakespeare’s “Sonnet LV” as a startin' point or model.

Do ye think Wendy Cope has successfully refuted Shakespeare’s position, or be thar purpose o'this poem merely t'entertain?

Write yer own parody o'Shakespeare’s “Sonnet LV”.

“Not only marble, but yonder plastic toys” by Wendy Cope
Not only marble, but t'plastic toys
From cornflake packets will outli'e this rhyme
I can’t immortalize ye, love – our joys
Will lie unnoticed in ye vault o'time.
When Mrs. Thatcher has been cast in bronze
An' her administration be a page
In some O-Le'el text-book, when yonder dons
Have analysed ye story o'our age,
When tra'el firms sell tours o'outer space
When aeroplanes take off without a sound
An' Tulse Hill has become a trendy place
An' upper Norwood’s on ye underground
Yer beauty an' me name will be forgotten –
Me love be true, but all me verse be rotten.

Sonnet LV

Not marble, nor yonder gilded monuments
O' princes, shall outli'e this powerful rhyme;
But ye shall shine more bright in these contents
Than unswept stone besmear’d wi' sluttish time.
When wasteful war shall statues o'erturn,
An' broils root out thar work o'masonry,
Nor Mars his sword nor war’s quick fire shall burn
Thar li'in' record o'yer memory.
‘Gainst death an' all-obli'ious enmity
Shall ye pace forth; yer praise shall still find room
Even in t'eyes o'all posterity
That wear this world out t'har endin' doom.
So, till yonder judgment that yerself arise,
Ye live in this, an' dwell in lo'er’s eyes.
– William Shakespeare

“Sonnet LV” by William Shakespeare be a rather complicated tribute t'har beauty or character o'yonder speaker’s lo'ed 'un. Accordin' t'yonder speaker, her beauty will live on within t'sonnet.

Creati'e works can endure fer centuries (an' give longer life t'hose people ye works describe).

Sonnet structure, comparison, allusion, alliteration

Can a rhyme outli'e statues or more permanent structures? Can that rhyme give life t' beauty it describes (“But ye shall shine more bright in these contents”)?

Summarize t'sonnet in yer own words.

Accordin' t'Shakespeare, wha' else will endure besides his “powerful rhyme”?

Shakespeare argues that t'works o't' imagination be more endurin' than material thin's. T' wha' extent do ye agree wi' him?