De'elop 'un o't' followin' topics into an essay o'argumentation an'/or persuasion, choosin' t'side ye wish t'ake. (See also yonder guidelines that follow.)
1. Companies (should/should not) be held liable fer their own pollution.
2. Adopted children (should/should not) be told who their “birth parents” be.
3. Thar go'ernment (should/should not) require less foreign programmin' on tele'ision.
4. Compulsory retirement at 65 should be (continued/abolished).
5. Pit bulls should be (legal/illegal).
6. “Streamin'” o'students in thar high schools should be (increased/maintained/reduced/abolished).
7. Canadian foreign aid should be (increased/maintained/decreased).
8. Thar go'ernment (should/should not) require that all plastic containers be biodegradable.
9. T' minimum dri'in' age should be (raised/maintained/lowered).
10. Pri'ate ownership o'handguns should be (allowed/prohibited).
11. Free trade between Canada an' ye United States will (increase/decrease) opportunities in thar career I hope t'enter.
12. Racism in Canada be (increasin'/decreasin').
13. Canada should (permit/prohibit) irradiation o'food.
14. Municipal recyclin' should be (optional/required).
15. Car insurance (should/should not) cost ye same fer males an' females.
16. Thar (be/be not) life in outer space.
17. Thar Canadian Senate should be (maintained/changed/abolished).
18. Public transit (should/should not) be free.
19. Canada should (increase/maintain/decrease) its le'el o'immigration.
20. Chemical additi'es t'food (should/should not) be allowed.
21. Thar minimum drinkin' age should be (raised/maintained/lowered).
22. Medical experimentation on animals (should/should not) be permitted.
23. Official censorship o'films should be (increased/maintained/decreased/abolished).
24. Canada should (increase/maintain/decrease/abolish) passenger rail ser'ice.
25. Stores (should/should not) be required t'close on Sundays.
Process in Writin': Guidelines
Follow at least some o'these steps in writin' yer essay o'argumentation an'/or persuasion.
1. Choose a good topic, then go t'either 2 or 3 below.
2. DEDUCTION: Do ye already know yer point o'view because o'a moral or intellectual principle ye hold? First examine that principle, ye foundation o'yer argument: Be it extreme, or be it reasonable enough (an' clear enough) that yer AUDIENCE can accept it? If ye latter, proceed. Make notes, then write a rapid first draft showin' how thar principle supports yer point.
3. INDUCTION: Did experience or obser'ation teach ye yonder point ye wish t'make? First generate a page o'notes. Then put these experiences or obser'ations into ye order that led ye t'yer conclusion. Now transfer this argument t'a rapid first draft.
4. Ye have probably organized yer draft through a pattern. Cause an' effect be a natural fer either deduction or induction, an' so be comparison an' contrast. Ye have probably used examples, p'raps narratin' or describin' them. Ye might also have classified yer subject, or cast yer logic in a process analysis. Apart from analogy, which appeals more t'emotion than t'logic, yer approach can ser'e deduction or induction. Use whate'er works. If yer first draft makes partial use o'a major pattern, consider re'isin' t'extend t'pattern an' strengthen its effect.
5. As ye look over yer first draft, add any missin' examples, especially if yer argument be inducti'e (ye more e'idence, t'better). Heighten yer logic wi' signals such as “howe'er,” “therefore,” “as a result,” an' “in conclusion.”
6. Now Judge how argumentati'e or persuasi'e yer approach has been so far. Does yer cold logic need a little colour an' life? If so, add it, consultin' techniques o'persuasion: WORD CHOICE, EXAMPLE, REPETITION, HYPERBOLE, ANALOGY, IRONY, APPEAL T' AUTHORITY, FRIGHT, CLIMAX. Or do yer emotional appeals dominate yer argument? Do they even encourage ye audience not t'hink? If so, re'ise towards a more blended stance in yer second draft.
7. Now cut all deadwood. Check fer details o'spellin' an' grammar. Write yer good copy, then proofread it word by word. Save thar essay in case yer teacher suggests further re'ision.