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Investigate the Roman Feast of Lupercal. Write about it.

Lupercalia was a very ancient Roman pastoral festival held from February 13-15, the Lupercal fest was held during this festival. The name of the festival and feast comes from the god Lupercus. It was also derived from the she-wolf Lupa who raised Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome itself.  In Roman mythology, Lupercus is a god usually identified with the Roman god Fanus, who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Pan, who was the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks. Lupercus is the god of shepherds and his festival (Lupercalia) was celebrated on the anniversary of the founding of his temple on February 15th in which the priests wore goatskins. The goatskins were taken from the goats that got sacrificed, the knives that still had the blood on them were then spread across young boys foreheads who then had to laugh while this was happening to them. After this the children had to run around the streets naked, whipping people who got in their way with shaggy thongs (thin pieces of the goat hide). Although all this went on, the main purpose of this event was to avert evil spirits and purify the city, releasing health and fertility.

Why would Caesar return to Rome during this Feast day?

Julius Caesar would have decided to return to Rome on this day because he would have known all the citizens would be gathered there for the feast, so everyone would be there to witness his victorious return. He also knew that even all of the Stoic’s would be in a cheerful, partying mood because of the feast and festival, which would be better for him. From what I know about Julius Caesar it seems as though he wants all of the citizens to think of him as the all powerful ruler, so judging by that he would want everyone in Rome to be there and learn that he won his battle so that they would all worship him even more than they did prior to that. He wanted more followers, which would mean more power, which would then lead to more money and riches. 

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